Taming inflation, ask Brazil

Brazil was amongst the first of nations to commence raising interest rates.

They started from a base of 2% in March 2021.

At its August 3, 2022 meeting, Brazil’s Central bank increased interest rates a further 50 basis points bringing its rate to 13.75%.

This was the 12th consecutive raise making for a cumulative 1,175 basis point increase.

This represents a quantum of nearly 7 fold increase.

Brazil’s inflation rate in July 2022 fell to 10.1%, down from June’s 11.9% reading.

Incidentally, Brazil’s inflation target rate is 3.5%.

In contrast, the U.S. Fed Funds Rate has risen from 0.25% to its current 2.5% representing a 10 fold increase. The current inflation rate in the United States is 8.5%.

Is the quantum of the rate increase more relevant rather than the absolute percentage rate?

If so, will one more rate hike in the U.S. be enough?

Brazil, Chile, Mexico and other commodity sensitive and exporting countries all started raising interest rates, aggressively and a year before G8 nations.

Why?

As paraphrased in the following posts written over the past year, “inflation is a tax that the poor can’t afford to pay”.

Although, more precisely, the citizens of those nations carry an average household debt as a percentage of GDP nearing 26%.

While the “% of household debt to GDP” for the citizens in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia range from 80% to 125%, with Australian’s being the highest.

For the rising cost of tomatoes, fuel or lettuce…..hiking rates too aggressively would ‘crucify’ the indebted households in the developed world and more importantly (for some, many or government) it would stifle their largest asset class………residential real estate.

August 27, 2022

by Rob Zdravevski

rob@karriasset.com.au

Iron Ore – As Good As It Gets

June 23, 2020

by Rob Zdravevski
Iron Ore – As Good As It Gets ?

Over the past 6 weeks, the price of 62% grade Iron Ore has risen 25%. It’s now trading around $102.

Prices have risen due to a combination of China’s factories and manufacturing returning to a “normalised” utilisation and Brazil shipping less ore.

The previous spike, in January 2019, saw Iron Ore price climb from $75 to $95 within 2 weeks and a subsequent surge to $125 occurred over the next 3 months.

This was mainly due to the collapse of a tailings dam in Brumadinho (owned by VALE), which also tragically resulted in lives being lost.

I can’t quite reason about the cause of the 2nd lurch higher as economies were at the tail-end of a 7-8 year economic cycle.

However, the price normalised back to over the next 4 months as Australian suppliers filled the gap.

<see chart below>

Today, the price of Iron Ore has risen again due to a Brazilian supply disruption aided by “newer news” that Brazil’s COVID-19 environment is worsening.

Once again, Australian iron ore miners seized the supply opportunity yet prices have continued to roar ahead.

It is at this point in time, that I now think, that this is as “good as it gets” for the Iron Ore price.

But I also have the following questions;

  • Can Brazil contractually sell Iron Ore to China below prices as seen in the spot and futures markets?
  • Is it true that Brazil produces a higher grade of Iron Ore than Australia?
  • Will Brazil’s cheaper labour and production give them an advantage?

If the answer to these 3 questions is “Yes”, they then qualify for two of the three “cheaper, better and faster” categories.

Brazil could also be “faster” getting ore to the port, although overall we need to keep in mind that it does take 45 days to ship Brazilian Iron Ore to China when compared to the 12 day journey for Australian suppliers.

Anecdotally, I can’t help speculate that Brazil is feeling the strain of lower export receipts and may start to push product through its ports with less hesitation.

Inversely, it’s naive to think that China’s importers are submissive “price-takers” of sensitively priced commodities.

And so, my analysis of the price action in the Singapore traded 62% TSI contract suggests the strength of the advance is waning, as it makes a “rounding top” of lower highs and lower lows, a change in trend is near and the price traded to extremes on various measures.

The “fat part of the trade” has been seen and I expect it to retrace and trade down to $92.

For those who disagree, I am curious what you think will “drive” the price higher from here and how much risk are you taken when compared to the reward on offer when looking at the whole picture?
Until next time,

Rob
Subscribe to my blog: www.robzdravevski.com

Drop me an email: rob@karriasset.com.au

Disclaimer

 

Some extra reading.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-02-12/iron-ore-price-explainer-after-mining-dam-collapse/10800698?nw=0

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brumadinho_dam_disaster

If you’d like to have a chat to me about some of our best stock ideas for your portfolio, feel free to call me on 0438 921 403.

Rob Zdravevski is the proprietor of Karri Asset Advisors, a specialist in the provision of investment advice and equity recommendations for clients’ portfolios.

%d bloggers like this: